If you’re a parent of school-age children, as you read this, odds are you just finished shopping for trendy back-to-school clothes, hunting down
the must-have backpack and are looking ahead to the school holidays for a possible winter getaway.
In the United States, Labor Day weekend often marks the last hurrah before the school year commences. But, that is not the case for most children around the globe.
Nearly 263 million children and young adults
remain out of school, with 1 in 8 denied the basic human right to education. What’s worse, girls are usually the first to be discounted.
Every day, women and girls around the world face
barriers that prevent them from receiving an education. Some of these impediments include safety, infrastructure and sanitation barriers, child marriage and pregnancy, child labor and housework, cost, and simply being female. One in four of the world’s out-of-school children live in countries consumed by conflict, with war, famine, disease, and acts of violence regularly sabotaging the efforts by students, teachers, and volunteers to access and provide education opportunities.
Education is integral to the positive development of youth. Equity in access to education for all children contributes to breaking the poverty cycle and helping build and sustain economic growth.
UNICEF works to provide safe learning spaces that meet the needs of all children. Spaces are equipped with water and sanitation facilities, assuring that while in school, children can learn regardless of the current situation taking place. ( Find out how you can support UNICEF USA as you complete your back-to-school shopping.)
Take this photographic journey and see what it’s like to be a school-age child fighting for the right to learn. See the places young people around the world call their classroom:
United States Elementary school students in Sacramento, California. (Photo courtesy of UNICEF USA.) Cameroon Teacher Albert Matakone uses a computer tablet as a reference as he teaches children about the human digestive system at a school in Baigai, northern Cameroon, Oct. 31, 2017.
UNICEF initiated a pilot project in January 2017 called “Connect My School.” Six solar-powered VSAT units, which enable the provision of satellite internet access to remote locations, were deployed at schools in different parts of Cameroon.
In conjunction with the VSAT units, UNICEF has distributed child-friendly tablet computers. “I immediately started using them to search new words, play new games. I became so good at it that I now teach other children how to use this technology,” says Waibai. “I was recently allowed to bring one of the tablets home with me. My mother never had a mobile phone, she didn’t know what the internet was. I explained her and I showed her what I was doing at school with my tablet. She was so proud of me.” “I think that we are lucky to have this technology,” adds Waibai, “my dream is to become a teacher, and with what I am learning every day on my tablet, I am sure it can become a reality.” (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/ UN0143506/Prinsloo.)
Iraq Girls in a classroom at Al Zahraa Albaidhaa girls’ school in Fallujah, Iraq. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN0161149/Rfaat.) South Sudan A child looks into a tent classroom at the primary school in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Bor, South Sudan, March 22, 2017.
As of April 2017, South Sudan had the highest rate of out-of-school children with close to 72 percent of children missing out on education at the primary school level. This will have short and long-term consequences for the stability and development of South Sudan. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/ UN070386/Hatcher-Moore.)
Syria In November 2016, children attend a makeshift school in rural Dar’a in the Syrian Arab Republic, where nearly 1.7 million children (November 2016) are out of school.
“There is not a single space or even an extra tent that we could’ve used as a learning space,” says [NAME CHANGED] Muhammad, a teacher in this school. “So we had to clean this fodder collection centre and turn it to a school where almost 80 children come on a daily basis to learn reading and writing, both in Arabic and English, and the principals of mathematics,” Muhammad continues. The children are divided into four groups based on their knowledge and age. Each group is taught by one of the four former teachers, two male and two female teachers. “Children have to share notebooks because we severely lack the necessary education supplies. They rotate on using the only six desks available,” [NAME CHANGED] Mona, a former teacher in rural Dar’a, says. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN041545.)
Yemen Students sit under a tree as a teacher leads a class in Beit al-Faqih, Al Hudaydah Governorate, Yemen, Nov. 11, 2017.
Nearly half a million children have dropped out of school since the 2015 escalation of conflict in Yemen, bringing the total number of out-of-school children to 2 million. Almost three quarters of public school teachers have not been paid their salaries in over a year, putting the education of an additional 4.5 million children at grave risk. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/ UN0153963/ Obadi.)
Democratic Republic of the Congo Students of the Citolo Primary School in Kabeya-Kamwanga, a small town 70 km northwest of Mbuji-Mayi, are following a remedial class organized by UNICEF in order for them to prepare their end of school year examination. The students of Kabeya-Kamwanga had to flee the violence that broke out between militiamen of the traditional chief Kamuina Nsapu and the Armed Forces of the DRC on Oct. 15, 2016. They were only able to resume classes in March thanks to the support of UNICEF. As part of its emergency program in Kasai, UNICEF is supporting 3,500 children to take the national end of primary school test, offering remedial classes, school supplies, and uniforms. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN073251/Dubourthoumieu.) Bangladesh Teacher Jannatul Ferdous teaches Rohingya refugee children at a UNICEF-supported learning centre at the Balukhali makeshift settlement in Ukhia, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, Dec. 23, 2017.
The influx of Rohingya refugees from northern parts of Myanmar’s Rakhine State into Bangladesh restarted following attacks at Myanmar Border Guard Police posts on Aug. 25, 2017. As of Dec. 21, 2017, the Inter Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that 655,000 Rohingya refugees have entered Bangladesh since the attacks. According to ISCG’s rapid needs assessment, 58 percent of new arrivals are children and 60 percent are female children and women including a high number of pregnant (3 percent) and lactating women (7 percent). (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN0158135/Sujan.)
Iraq This class of boys at al-Morabeen elementary school in east Mosul is learning how to identify different types of mines. Many areas of Mosul remain contaminated with unexploded mines, which pose a serious threat to children’s safety. The awareness raised in classes, run by the Danish Demining Group and with the support of Germany BMZ, are helping kids keep themselves safe. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN068267/Anmar.) Côte d’Ivoire High school students attend class in the town of Odienné, in the Northwest of Côte d’Ivoire.
In Côte d’Ivoire, more than 2 million children ages 6-16 do not go to school and less than 8 percent of children go to preschool. The graduation rate is lower than 70 percent in primary school and 41 percent in high school. This is mainly due to the low quality of education, the lack of sufficient textbooks, the excessively high pupil/teacher ratio in primary schools, and the low teacher supervision and teaching methods that do not take into account the specific needs of children. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN061723/Dejongh.)
Myanmar Rohingya children learn in a UNICEF-supported temporary learning classroom setup in the Thet Kay Pyin camp for displaced persons in central Rakhine, Myanmar (December 2017.)
The camp, sheltering almost 6,000 people, was set up after communal violence broke out in 2012. There are over 120,000 Rohingya, about half of whom are children, still trapped in camps. Severe restrictions on their freedom of movement are shrinking horizons for children — nowhere more so than in terms of education. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/ UN0155433/Thame.)
Ghana A complementary basic education class in Afuaminyi, Krachi — East, Volta Region.
This program supports out of school children between the ages of 8-14, in order to transition into the formal education system. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN031901/Ademuyiwa.)
South Sudan David Sawat Manyang, 16, sits in a classroom of a new school building in Pachong, near Rumbek, South Sudan, August 2017. For two years, David was not able to attend classes after clashes between rival youth groups in the region resulted in his school being shut down in 2014. It reopened last year after a peace agreement was signed between the groups. Although, like many schools in South Sudan, it was in an extremely dilapidated condition. Before the new school was established, David worked at a cattle farm with his father. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN0120046/Kealey.) United States Students participate in a class activity during a UNICEF Kid Power event at William T. Machan Elementary in Phoenix, Arizona. (Photo courtesy of UNICEF USA.) Yemen A student stands in the ruins of one of his former classrooms, which was destroyed in June 2015, at the Aal Okab School in Sa’dah, Saada Governorate, Yemen, April 24, 2017. Students now attend lessons in UNICEF tents nearby.
Since the start of 2017, the humanitarian situation in Yemen has substantially deteriorated. According to analysis by the Humanitarian Country Team released in April 2017, the number of people in need of assistance and protection is 20.7 million. Increasing tensions and hostilities in the western coast since January have left over 50,000 people displaced, many of them in locations where humanitarian access has been extremely challenging.
Yemen’s education system is also on the brink of collapse, and more than 5 million children risk being deprived of their right to education. As of June 2017, over 193,000 teachers have not received their salaries during the past nine months. Moreover, school infrastructure has been affected, with 222 incidents of attacks on schools documented and verified by the Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting of Grave Child Rights Violations (CTF MR) between March 2015 and June 2017. At least 1,279 schools are partially damaged, 233 totally damaged, 162 schools are still being used as shelters for IDPs, and 21 schools are occupied by armed groups. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/ UN073959/Giles Clark for UNOCHA.)
Afghanistan Girls study at a “tented school” on the outskirts of Jalalabad town, eastern Afghanistan. The majority of girls have been displaced by conflict at least once and/or returned from Pakistan. Some 3.7 million children are out of school in Afghanistan, with 75 percent of those being girls. The lack of infrastructure, including toilets, handwashing facilities, and safe drinking water, is one of the reasons girls often don’t attend school. UNICEF supports the school through the provision of tents, textbooks, and teacher training. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN0211463/Fricker.) Uganda South Sudanese refugee Nelson Taban, 39, in a class during playtime at Kimba ECD centre, Bidi Bidi refugee settlement: “I believe the program help to build skills for the children but also allows the father and caregiver to build a special relationship with the children.”
With funds from the LEGO Foundation, through its partners, UNICEF is training parents and caregivers to produce locally made play materials to replicate those in the original ECD (early childhood development) kit. This is done in order to meet the increasing demand of ECD services from South Sudanese refugees in West Nile, Northern Uganda. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF UN0220215/Sibiloni.)
Jordan UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Muzoon Almellehan met ninth grade Syrian girls in October 2017 at the Sai’ed Noureddin double-shifted public school in Amman, Jordan. There are over 800 Syrian students in the school and it’s one of the public schools in Jordan that operates in two shifts to accommodate Syrian children.
Around 2.4 million Syrian children are missing out on education, including 1.7 million inside the Syrian Arab Republic and more than 730,000 Syrian refugee children in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey. Some Syrian children have never been inside a classroom, while others have lost five or six years of their education.
Since the conflict began, UNICEF has worked with partners to increase access to formal and informal education for children affected by the Syrian crisis, including through the creation of double-shifting systems in nearly 500 schools in Jordan and Lebanon, “back-to-learning” campaigns, and rehabilitation of some 1,000 classrooms across refugee host countries. However, a devastating funding gap is preventing the organization from reaching more children. UNICEF has received only half of the funding needed to provide education for children affected by the Syrian conflict. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/ UN0135676/Rich.)
Ukraine A teacher helps first grade students complete a writing assignment at school No. 5, Krasnohorivka, Donetsk region, Ukraine, January 2017. Sandbags reinforce classroom windows and are intended to prevent them from shattering during frequent shelling.
The latest closure of schools has worsened the ongoing education crisis already affecting more than 600,000 children in eastern Ukraine. After nearly three years of conflict, more than 740 schools — one in five — have been damaged or destroyed, resulting in girls and boys missing many months of schooling due to displacement and the effects of conflict. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/ UN052474/Hetman.)
Niger Watched by two teachers, a student demonstrates correct handwashing technique to other students at the N’Guel Madou-Maï School in Diffa, Niger, January 2017.
Niger continues to face multiple humanitarian crises with needs projected to grow in the coming years. The Diffa region, currently hosting 221,790 displaced people from Niger and Nigeria due to Boko Haram-related insecurity, will continue to be affected, with an estimated 340,000 people expected to require humanitarian assistance in 2017. At the national level, despite an average harvest season, an estimated 1.3 million people will require food assistance and 1.5 million will require nutritional assistance, including 247,500 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Epidemic outbreaks, particularly measles, meningitis, and cholera, and natural disasters are expected to impact 872,000 people, including 479,600 children under five. (Photo courtesy of © UNICEF/UN051533/Tremeau.)
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More from Make It Better: Emily Stone is Associate Editor at Make It Better. She earned a degree in journalism from Elon University in North Carolina. Along with writing, Stone has a passion for digital storytelling and photography. Her work is published in Chicago Athlete Magazine. Stone is a supporter of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Stone is a fluent Spanish speaker who in her free time loves a good dance class.