Roe v. Wade Has Been Overturned, Here’s What We Know and How We Can Navigate the Aftermath

abortion is healthcare

On Friday, June 24, the United States Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade — the 1973 landmark decision which guaranteed federal constitutional protections of abortion rights — in a 5-4 vote. An unprecedented decision made in the wake of rising tensions following a leaked draft opinion on May 2, stating that the SCOTUS had voted to overturn the legislation.

What’s more, the Court additionally moved to overturn the controversial 1992 Planned Parenthood v. Casey ruling as well. “We hold that Roe and Casey must be overruled,” Justice Alito wrote in the leaked “Opinion of the Court.” “It is time to heed the Constitution and return the issue of abortion to the people’s elected representatives.”

The ruling cements the swelling fear that the Court would abandon logic and legal protections in order to entrust abortion rights to the hands of each state. While this definitive stance holds reproductive rights and bodily autonomy in its grip, it does not diminish the alternative avenues Americans might navigate to receive care and buck against this systemic decision.

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What could potentially happen now that it has been overturned? Here’s what we know:

The Guttmacher Institute, a leading research and policy organization committed to advancing sexual and reproductive health and rights in the United States, states that in the aftermath of Roe, 26 states are certain or likely to ban abortion. With 13 of those states implementing their bans as soon as next month.

Across the country, many state leaders are publicly stating their Roe-related intentions for their jurisdiction. For example, Illinois Governor J.B. Pritzker, who has adamantly railed against the overturn since the draft opinion broke over a month ago; now promising to “not turn back the clock” in regards to the unparalleled federal decision.

Thirteen states have trigger laws in place. Now that Roe is overturned, antiabortion laws will likely be imminent here:

  • Arkansas
  • Idaho
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Wyoming

Five other states have a decades-old abortion ban that could be enforced again:

  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • Michigan
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

14 states could restrict abortion to 22 weeks or possibly earlier:

  • Alabama
  • Arizona
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • South Carolina
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

California, Maine, Illinois, New York, Washington and Oregon have some of the best reproductive rights laws in the U.S., and have expanded access to reproductive health in recent years.

Yet, on a non-governmental level, there are organizations and companies already laying the groundwork to protect their employees and those they serve. The Walt Disney Co., for example, announced they would “cover employee travel expenses for abortions in light of the Supreme Court’s decision to strike down Roe v. Wade,” as reported by The Washington Post.

In the gap between federal mandates and inner-organization policy, everyday American lives will fundamentally change — bringing citizen-led action to the forefront once again.

Feeling fearful of what’s next? Here are some steps you can take counteract the decision:

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Roe alone was never enough to protect abortion rights and access,” said Dr. Herminia Palacio, Guttmacher Institute President and CEO, at the time of the Court draft opinion leak. “We know from decades of research that the impact will fall hardest on those who already struggle to access health care, including abortion.”

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Margaret Smith is a Chicago-based writer and editor with a passion for socio-political storytelling about their community. They are a graduate of Columbia College Chicago.

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